Posts Tagged ‘Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 1911


1.28.13 … happy birthday P&P … a day in the big onion …

Jane Austen,  Pride and Prejudice’s 200th Birthday, Janeites:  Happy birthday, P&P!

This week marks an important milestone for anyone who swoons at the very mention of Mr. Darcy. Pride and Prejudice is turning 200, and to celebrate its bicentennial, cartoonist Jen Sorensen drew up an illustrated version of the classic.

via ‘Pride And Prejudice’ Turns 200: A Cartoon Celebration : NPR.

We, Janeites, are a strange people …

Blogs and forums dedicated to Austen and Austen-style fan fiction abound across the internet. The Jane Austen Society of North America (Jasna) boasts 4,500 members and no fewer than 65 branches.

In October 2012, more than 700 Janeites – many attired in bonnets and early 19th Century-style dresses – gathered in Brooklyn, New York for a Jasna event that incorporated three days of lectures, dance workshops, antique exhibitions, a banquet and a ball.

It’s a curious phenomenon when one considers that Austen won little fame in her own lifetime, dying aged 41 in 1817 with only six novels to her name.

While she may be regarded as one of the greatest writers in English literature, it’s difficult to imagine a similar level of fandom emerging around a novelist like, say, Charles Dickens.

For all that her stories can be by turns bleak and waspish, however, it’s the romance of Austen’s world that many Janeites say drew them in.

via BBC News – Janeites: The curious American cult of Jane Austen.

My novels Confessions of a Jane Austen Addict and Rude Awakenings of a Jane Austen Addict could have been considered semi-autobiographical had they not involved time travel and body switching. I believe that every lady should have her very own Austen hero and every man his Austen heroine.

When not engaged in new time travel adventures (aka working on the third Austen Addict novel or turning my short story  Intolerable Stupidity into a novel), I can be found on Jane Austen (and so can loads of quizzes, games, the Sex and the Austen Girl web series, Austen parody videos, a blog, and lots more time-wasting fun!).

via Jane Austen Addict • About Jane Austen Addict.

NYC, winter, Big Onion Tours, Greenwich Village:  Looking pretty grim on our arrival …


My tour … with a few photos and comments …

Stroll through one of New York’s most picturesque neighborhoods as we explore the unique and legendary home to artists, writers and radicals.   Our walk has a special emphasis on the history and architecture of the Village. Stops could include: Jefferson Market Courthouse, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, the “hanging elm”, the Stonewall Inn, and sites associated with Stanford White, Aaron Burr, Edith Wharton, John Sloan, Evelyn Nesbit, Jimi Hendrix, and Tom Pain

via Greenwich Village | Big Onion.

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1.  Marie’s Crisis … Thomas Paine who wrote Common Sense and The Crisis Papers died here …   That is the “crisis.” And Marie … Gypsy bohemian. 1920s  had a tea room … That is the “Marie.”

To walk downstairs into this old West Village bar is to step out of time a bit. As an amicable regular might tell you, the room first opened in the 1850s as a prostitutes’ den, became a boy bar by the 1890s, and lasted through Prohibition, when it was known as Marie’s (the “Crisis” came from “The Crisis Papers,” by Thomas Paine, who died in the same house). For the past 35 years, it’s plowed through as a piano joint in which neighboring gay men and musical theater performers gather round the keys nightly and sing solo—numbers like “Stranger in Paradise” or “You’re the Top”—to create a mood of both giddiness and longing.

via Marie’s Crisis Cafe – – West Village – New York Magazine Bar Guide.

There’s a lot of history attached to Marie’s Crisis, a West Village bar named after The Crisis Papers by Thomas Paine, who supposedly died in the same house.  The bar had its beginnings as a brothel in the 1850s, speakeasy-ed its way through Prohibition, and finally found its way to the gays, who have been belting out Les Miserables in the basement ever since.

Best NYC Gay Bars For Straight People.

2.  Northern Dispensary 1827 – Served “worthy poor” .. Most famous worthy poor was Edgar Allen Poe. Free clinic until  1980. … Gay HIV aids were patients.  Lawsuit drove into bankruptcy. It’s been closed 15 years.  Deed restrictive  … so no use.


According to Terry Miller’s “Greenwich Village and How It Got That Way” (Crown, 1990) the dispensary refused treatment to AIDS patients in 1986 and, after trouble with New York City’s Human Rights Commission, closed in 1989. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York arranged with the trustees to take over the building for an AIDS clinic, but now would like to turn it over to the nonprofit organization, BRC Human Services, for conversion into a 15-room single-room-occupancy structure with a community kitchen for homeless people with AIDS.

via Streetscapes/The Northern Dispensary; Plan to House Homeless With AIDS Stirs a Protest – New York Times.

3.  NW Corner Washington Square Park

 Originally Potter’s field … 10000 + buried. Also, dueling and hangings … Hanging Tree see pic of squirrel.  When Lafayette  did victory tour they  hung 22 people in his honor.
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A marsh. A cemetery. A parade ground. A gathering spot for avant-garde artists. A battleground for chess enthusiasts. A playground for canines and children. Washington Square Park has served various roles for its community throughout the years, adapting to meet its needs. Well-known for its arch, honoring George Washington, the man for whom the park is named, and its fountain, the arch’s elder by 43 years and a popular meeting spot, Washington Square Park also houses several other monuments and facilities.

via Washington Square Park : NYC Parks.

4. 1830’s townhouses
5  1850s NYU .. Now unofficial campus quad …

The center of NYU is its Washington Square campus in the heart of Greenwich Village. One of the city’s most creative and energetic communities, the Village is a historic neighborhood that has attracted generations of writers, musicians, artists, and intellectuals. NYU, in keeping with its founder’s vision, is “in and of the city”: the University – which has no walls and no gates – is deeply intertwined with New York City, drawing inspiration from its vitality.

via About NYU.

6. Washington Square arch 1889 to honor 100th Anniversary of George Washington’s of first  inauguration. The first arch was  temporary. Neighborhood wanted permanent. Recreated first on smaller scale.   Some thought this an affront to poor on south side of park.  It was built anyway in 1895.  Sanford White designed the arch.  And then there is the Beanpot Rebellion … John Sloan “ash can school” was a leader.
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The Arch at Washington Square Park was originally built in wood half a block away from its current location for the Centennial of George Washington’s Presidential inauguration in 1889. It was then commissioned in marble and completed in its current location at Fifth Avenue in the early 1890’s. The community came together to raise funds to build the permanent Washington Square Arch which was designed by noted architect Stanford White. The sculptures which adorn the ‘legs’ of the Arch — Washington At War and Washington at Peace, described in this previous blog entry — were not completed until 1916 and 1918.

Stanford White died in 1906 (he was murdered atop the 2nd version of Madison Square Garden, since demolished, a building he also designed) and did not see the two Washington sculptures completed and adorning the Arch.

Judson Memorial Church, another building White designed, can be seen through the Arch – as White intended.

via The Washington Square Arch: Some Additional History.

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Around Washington Square: An Illustrated History of Greenwich Village – Luther S. Harris – Google Books.

One snowy night in January 1917, the painters Marcel Duchamp, John Sloan and four friends climbed the arch in Washington Square, built a bonfire in a bean pot and, firing cap pistols in the air, drunkenly proclaimed Greenwich Village, ”a free and independent republic.”

They had come to Greenwich Village along with an unprecedented number of young artists and writers in rebellion against the strictures of 19th-century small-town Protestant culture. Together they helped put an American face on European modernism and almost every contemporary social movement that galvanized the country, then and later: feminism, socialism, gay liberation, Marxism, Freudianism. Not since Hawthorne, Louisa May Alcott, Emerson and Thoreau made their homes in Concord, has one location harbored so much American artistic energy

via BOOKS OF THE TIMES; Before It Was Hip to Be Hip, There Was Greenwich Village – New York Times.

7. Washington Mews was originally carriage houses for townhouses on the square. Artist John Sloan lived here as did critic Edmund Wilson …

Edmund Wilson (1895-1972) is widely regarded as the preeminent American man of letters of the twentieth century. Over his long career, he wrote for Vanity Fair, helped edit The New Republic, served as chief book critic for The New Yorker, and was a frequent contributor to The New York Review of Books. Wilson was the author of more than twenty books, including Axel’s Castle, Patriotic Gore, and a work of fiction, Memoirs of Hecate County.

via Edmund Wilson | The New York Review of Books.

8. Mabel Dodge‘s home on . 5th avenue … Artist and thinkers came to her salon.  Ex Margaret Sanger   … women described as wearing their hair bobbed and wearing  mannish clothes.  Men wore dinner attire or artsy clothes.

Mabel Dodge’s bohemian salons in the Village

Greenwich Village in the teens was a forward-thinking place, populated by artists and writers, anarchists and free-love practitioners, labor leaders and birth-control proponents. Bringing them together each week in her apartment at 23 Fifth Avenue was 33-year-old Mabel Dodge.

Was she really interested in new ideas, or just a celebrity hound? It’s hard to say; she simply proclaimed that she “wanted to know everybody.”

In New York, now divorced, Mabel decided to gather the city’s “movers and shakers” together during weekly salons, where ideas could be presented and debated.

Mabel’s salons were legendary. Anarchist Emma Goldman talked to poet Edward Arlington Robinson, while Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger chatted up artist Alfred Stieglitz.

Writer John Reed, who later became her lover, also was a regular. She held nights devoted to  ”dangerous characters,” “sex antagonism,” and “evenings of art and unrest.”

The salons came to and end after a few years. Mabel wrote for various publications and put out her memoirs in the 1930s. By then she was living in Taos, New Mexico, with her fourth husband. She died there in 1962.

via Mabel Dodge’s bohemian salons in the Village « Ephemeral New York.

8. CVS before a famous bar old Cedar Tavern.  It was painter’s bar … ex Jackson Polkack

The famous Cedar Tavern was the number one hangout for New York School artists like Pollock, de Kooning, Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, and Franz Kline, just to name a few.  They gathered here at least every other night to drink, socialize, and discuss art.  In fact, it is often said that it was here that Abstract Expressionism was born and bred.    The tavern changed locations several times, but in 1945 it moved to 24 University Place, where it experienced its heyday.  Pollock and the like were fond of the Cedar for its cheap drinks (15 cents a beer, to be exact) and unpretentious location on then off-the-beaten-track University Place.

via Jackson Pollock’s Old Stomping Grounds.

Also poets’ bar …

The Scottish poet Ruthven Todd introduced Dylan Thomas to the bar, and the great Welsh bard was soon quaffing oceans of ale in the Horse’s back room. Thomas made the place his headquarters on his tumultuous stateside forays, and soon tourists were lining up eight deep at the bar to watch him carouse. Today a plaque on the wall commemorates the November night in 1953 when the poet, still only 39, downed one last shot, staggered outside and collapsed. After falling into a coma at the nearby Chelsea Hotel, he was whisked to St. Vincent’s Hospital where he died.

Thomas’ boozy soirees inevitably attracted other writers. Novelists Norman Mailer and James Baldwin drank at the White Horse. Vance Bourjaily (his The End of My Life was an influential novel of the period) organized a regular Sunday afternoon writer’s klatch. Anais Nin was one of the few notorious women writers who hung out at the Horse. Seymour Krim, the now all-but-forgotten early Village Voice writer whose collected pieces, Views Of A Near-Sighted Cannoneer, helped spawn the “New Journalism” of the late ’60s, hung out there. Village Voice staffers came over from their original offices on nearby Sheridan Square. Delmore’s publisher, James Laughlin of New Directions, kept an apartment for visiting writers nearby.

While Jack Kerouac was living in a dilapidated Westside townhouse with the model Joan Haverty, writing On The Road on a roll of teletype paper, he used to drink so heavily at the White Horse that he was 86’d a number of times. In his book Desolation Angels he describes discovering “Go Home Kerouac” scrawled on a bathroom wall. Like Delmore, Kerouac also put in time at the Marlton Hotel — where he wrote Tristessa, a bittersweet re

via PBS Hollywood Presents: Collected Stories – On Writing – Greenwich Village.

9.  NYU history … Different mission not religious … Main building built with Sing Sing prison labor … Tradesman fought “Protest with rocks ‘.

More than 175 years ago, Albert Gallatin, the distinguished statesman who served as secretary of the treasury under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, declared his intention to establish “in this immense and fast-growing city … a system of rational and practical education fitting for all and graciously opened to all.” Founded in 1831, New York University is now one of the largest private universities in the United States. Of the more than 3,000 colleges and universities in America, New York University is one of only 60 member institutions of the distinguished Association of American Universities.

via About NYU.

10. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 1911

The fire spread quickly — so quickly that in a half hour it was over, having consumed all it could in the large, airy lofts on the 8th, 9th and 10th floors of the Asch Building, a half block east of Washington Square Park.

In its wake, the smoldering floors and wet streets were strewn with 146 bodies, all but 23 of them young women.

The Triangle shirtwaist factory fire, as it is commonly recorded in history books, was one of the nation’s landmark disasters, a tragedy that enveloped the city in grief and remorse but eventually inspired important shifts in the nation’s laws, particularly those protecting the rights of workers and the safety of buildings.

The tragedy galvanized Americans, who were shaken by the stories of Jewish and Italian strivers who had been toiling long hours inside an overcrowded factory only to find themselves trapped in a firestorm inside a building’s top floors where exit doors may have been locked. At least 50 workers concluded that the better option was simply to jump.

Triangle was one of the nation’s largest makers of high-collar blouses that were part of the shirtwaist style, a sensible fusion of tailored shirt and skirt. Designed for utility, the style was embraced at the turn of the century by legions of young women who preferred its hiked hemline and unfettered curves to the confining, street-sweeping dresses that had hobbled their mothers and aunts.

via Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire (1911) – The New York Times.

11.  Edward Hopper  painting of the Judson men church est. 1892 baptist.
Papa dare sky boarding house …
Almost free … Famous  …Eugene I Neil

■ 38 Washington Sq. South (SE corner of Macdougal and Fourth Street) is where Eugene O’Neill lived in a boarding house in 1916, when he was having an affair with Louise Bryant (Mrs. John Reed). The earlier building was replaced by the NYU School of Law’s Vanderbilt Hall in 1951.

via New York City: Walking Tour of Greenwich Village.

Resident wrote poem … 42 Washington Sq

42 Washington Square By John Reed

The gas isn’t all that it should be, It flickers – and yet I declare There’s pleasure or near it, for young men of spirit At Forty-Two Washington Square.

In winter the water is frigid, In summer the water is hot; And we’re forming a club for controlling the tub For there’s hardly one bath to the lot.

You shave in unlathering Croton, If there’s water at all, which is rare– But life isn’t bad for a talented lad At Forty-Two Washington Square.

Nobody questions your morals And nobody asks for the rent- And there’s no one to pry if you’re tight, you and I, Or demand how our evenings are spent.

The furniture’s ancient but plenty, The linen is spotless and fair, 0 life is a joy to a broth of a boy, At Forty-Two Washington Square

13 MacDougal  St.  …Marxist … Folk music (Dylan). I. 1950s  Robert Moses … Park district commissioner made his goal to make the city more car friendly and decided to run a highway right through the park …Jane Jacobs gets fight fighting highway, Eleanor Roosevelt, too. And also the Folk Musicians. Moses banned the musicians from park retreat to Judson Church.  Ban lifted 1963 …
14. Eleanor Roosevelt apartment … Moved because she could not have black friends come through front door.

After F.D.R. died in 1945, Eleanor stopped writing her nationally syndicated column — for four days. She packed her suitcases and left the White House. Eight months later, President Harry Truman asked her to be a delegate to the U.N.’s first session in London. She accepted — and immediately began to cram. “I knew that as the only woman, I’d better be better than anybody else. So I read every paper,” she said later. “And they were very dull sometimes, because State Department papers can be very dull.”

The delegates elected her to chair the committee drafting a Universal Declaration of Human Rights. She worked 18-hour days and traveled the world. She joined the board of the NAACP, and right-wing newspapers dropped her column because of her views on civil rights.

In 1962, Eleanor, 78, died of tuberculosis in her New York City apartment. She’d stopped writing her column just six weeks before. Her last dispatch contemplated the problems of poverty, education and housing. After more than three decades in public life, she still held out hope.

Read more:,28804,1906802_1906838_1906798,00.html #ixzz2JKkw4itP

The Relentless Mrs. Roosevelt – The Legacy of F.D.R. – TIME.

15. Jefferson Market Courthouse Library … Famous murder trial … Women’s prison on same block now torn down  Angela Davis _____ and incarcerated there

It follows the chronology of the Jefferson Market Courthouse and library from 1876 to the present. The 1876 structure is actually the oldest building in NYPL (the Schwarzman Building at 42nd and 5th was begun in 1902).  The archive not only covers the history of this building, but provides glimpses into the history of Greenwich Village as well. The papers and photographs that had been stuffed into a filing cabinet are now preserved in 18 acid-free boxes. If anyone wishes to develop their knowledge of Greenwich Village history, they might want to take a look at this unique collection.

There is so much fascinating history just in this site alone!

Jefferson Market began life as a traditional marketplace. A courthouse was erected on the site in 1876. The courthouse received a lot of attention in 1906 when it was used for the Harry K. Thaw / Stanford White murder trial. Later, the women’s house of detention, situated where the garden is now, achieved a certain degree of notoriety.

We have a print of the old market stalls adjacent to the wooden fire tower that perversely burned down; copies of the hand-drawn pen and ink courthouse floor plans; a print of a painting by John Sloan, owned by The Whitney, that shows Jefferson Market in the shadow of the El train that ran up 6th Avenue.

via The Jefferson Market Courthouse/Library Archive: A Sneak Peek with Barbara Knowles-Pinches | The New York Public Library.

16. Stonewall club riot.

Just after 3 a.m., a police raid of the Stonewall Inn–a gay club located on New York City’s Christopher Street–turns violent as patrons and local sympathizers begin rioting against the police.

Although the police were legally justified in raiding the club, which was serving liquor without a license among other violations, New York’s gay community had grown weary of the police department targeting gay clubs, a majority of which had already been closed. The crowd on the street watched quietly as Stonewall’s employees were arrested, but when three drag queens and a lesbian were forced into the paddy wagon, the crowd began throwing bottles at the police. The officers were forced to take shelter inside the establishment, and two policemen were slightly injured before reinforcements arrived to disperse the mob. The protest, however, spilled over into the neighboring streets, and order was not restored until the deployment of New York’s riot police.

The so-called Stonewall Riot was followed by several days of demonstrations in New York and was the impetus for the formation of the Gay Liberation Front as well as other gay, lesbian, and bisexual civil rights organizations. It is also regarded by many as history’s first major protest on behalf of equal rights for homosexuals.

via The Stonewall Riot — This Day in History — 6/28/1969.

And President Obama even referenced the Stonewall Inn Riots in his Second Inaugural Speech, January 21. 2013

But Obama’s reference was very likely lost on many in the generations that have come of age long after gay men resisted police harassment at the Stonewall Inn gay bar in New York City.

Their five days of riots in the summer of 1969 kindled the nation’s gay-rights movement, which Obama placed in the heart of the nation’s civil rights struggles in Monday’s speech. Obama said:

“We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths — that all of us are created equal — is the star that guides us still, just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall, just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone, to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth.”

So, what was Stonewall?

To get the story from someone who was part of the nascent gay-rights effort, and who has written extensively about Stonewall’s role as the galvanizing event of the movement, we turned to Martin Duberman.

via Stonewall? Explaining Obama’s Historic Gay-Rights Reference : It’s All Politics : NPR.

All  in all a very good tour … Thanks, Big Onion!

NYC, dinner, El Quinto Pino : At the recommendation of my tour guide,I tried a tapas restaurant in Chelsa … All by my lonesome … John’s doing the big beef meal at Del Frisco .., tapas for me at El Quinto Pino … Wish me luck … . Tiny little place in Chelsea  … And my blast from the past friend dropped by before we meet tomorrow … Thanks CW … great recommendation!


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Salmorejo: Gazpacho’s “thicker cousin,” chopped egg, taquitos of Spanish ham • 9

Tortilla de Gambas: Shrimp wafers • 5

Habitas con Jamón: Favas beans, serrano ham • 8 Pinchos Morunos: Marinated Lamb skewer • 8

via El Quinto Pino.

NYC, subway:  Just what i saw today …

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Paris, bonne anniversaire, la Tour Eiffel:

Jour anniversaire, le 28 janvier 1887 débutait la construction de la Tour Eiffel !

Photo: Un jour, une photo. Aujourd’hui ©Katty Domingos / . Pour proposer à votre tour une photo, rendez-vous sur Paris à l'Oeil Ouvert</p> <p>Jour anniversaire, le 28 janvier 1887 débutait la construction de la Tour Eiffel !

via (1) PARIS.

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August 2020